Monumentalism is a visual study of ideological architecture and design. Every photograph on this site was taken by Darmon Richter, a British researcher who has spent the last decade exploring the post-communist world with his camera. To use any of these images, please get in touch.

Read more about this project here; find in-depth essays about many of these locations on Ex Utopia; or join one of Darmon’s tours to see these places for yourself.

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Since 2015, Darmon has designed and led tours to sites of communist-era architectural heritage in Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Ukraine, Moldova, and the unrecognised republic of Transnistria.

Find out more about upcoming departures at Ex Utopia / Tours.


In 2020, Darmon authored his debut book, Chernobyl: A Stalkers’ Guide. Find out more about it here.

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